Using magic[ edit ] Witches and wizards need training to learn how to control their magic.
It was boring to type the letters in the upper row of my typewriter keyboard 20 times, then go on to the next row. But it was even more boring to lie in bed and do nothing. So when the chicken pox forced me to stay home from school for two weeks, I used the time to learn touch typing.
The typewriter, and its successor the computer, are among the most widely used office machines in the Western world, and keyboard-related repetitive-strain injuries are among our most common industrial accidents.
Commitment to our spouses, our children, and our careers is held to be virtuous; lack of commitment is a common criticism.
Yet commitment should be seen as morally neutral. After all, what one is committed to might be either good or bad; commitment to a destructive relationship, an unsatisfying job, or alcoholism deserves no praise. Often, commitment can mean nothing more than an involvement that has outlived its original justification.
All of us have at one time or another felt trapped by such a commitment, longing for a happier, though uncertain, state of existence but fearing the short-term pain required to reach it. Commitment is a big issue not only for us as individuals, but for us as a culture as well.
All human societies have many apparently arbitrary practices that persist for centuries or even millennia--writing systems, counting systems, sets of number signs, and calendars, to name just a few examples. At one time there existed alternatives to the system that we eventually adopted.
Were some of these alternatives better than others? Did we in fact end up committed to the best ones? Are our alphabets, decimal counting, Arabic numerals, and Gregorian calendar really superior to Chinese logograms, Babylonian base counting, Roman numerals, and the Mayan calendar?
Those questions are hard to answer for some of these choices-- counting systems, for instance--to which we became committed in the remote past.
But the QWERTY keyboard is a modern-day commitment, dating back only to the late nineteenth century, and thus it is one whose history we can reconstruct.
We know that QWERTY is the dominant survivor of dozens of keyboard designs that competed during the early years of the typewriter.
Hence we can ask, with the expectation of finding an answer, to what advantages does it owe its triumph? Studies of the consequences of keyboard design were pioneered by the industrial engineers Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, who were made famous by a biography, Cheaper by the Dozen, written by 2 of their 12 children.
The Gilbreths sought to decrease worker fatigue and increase the efficiency of many industrial processes as well as of surgical operations and buttoning a shirt by time-and-motion studies and slowed-down motion pictures.
Applied to keyboard design, such studies showed that typing fatigue, errors, and slow speed depend especially on bad design in allocating letters among keyboard rows, among fingers, and between the left and right hands.Paul Kingsnorth is a writer and poet living in Cumbria, England.
He is the author of several books, including the poetry collection Kidland and his fictional debut The Wake, winner of the Gordon Burn Prize and the Bookseller Book of the Year Award.
Kingsnorth is the cofounder and director of the Dark Mountain Project, a network of writers, artists, and thinkers. Cyber-crimes, hacking, stealing of personal information, MMS scandals, illegal pornography and various other issues have emerged from the misuse of technology.
The article discussed the harmful side of technology. I like the faith message that I get out of the "literary device" viewpoint. My only minor quibble is that the order of Genesis 1 is close enough to the natural scientific order. Jun 11, · Persuasive Speech Topics. Persuasive speech refers to a particular type of speech in which the speaker has the objective of persuading the audience to accept his or her perspective.
Sandra Hayes is a graduate of Columbia College where she received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology. She also is a graduate of Webster University, where she received a Master of Arts degree in Human Resource Management and a Master of Arts degree in Educational Technology.
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