This course combines lecture, seminar, and hands-on activities. This offering is co-sponsored by the Electronic Literature Organization.
The Magister degree was the original graduate degree at German speaking universities. In Germany the Diplom dates back to the pre-republican period: The Diplom was subsequently adopted by the Technische Hochschulen Institutes of Technology which had received university status following this Prussian decree.
In East Germany, the Diplom was the only first degree and was also granted in disciplines such as medicine or law, which at West German universities were completed with a Staatsexamen. Nowadays such diploms are still granted to students of such disciplines, although most universities only grant the diplom status for example "Diplom-Jurist" in law on request.
Already awarded degrees remain valid. Obtained at a university, the degree was simply called a Diplom or rarely a Diplom Univ.
The Diplom was usually awarded in the natural sciences, business and engineering, while students of humanities, arts and languages finished with a Magister. The degree in social sciences differed from university to university.
All kinds of Diplom degrees were usually first degrees. The duration of the Diplom degree programmes differed depending on subject and university.
An official average duration Regelstudienzeit was set by law in each German stateusually being four years for a Diplom FH and 4, 4. However, due to the curriculum set by most universities in Germany, the 4, 4.
In Bavaria, sometimes the postfix " Univ. There are a few rare exceptions where the postfix need not be added, mostly due to older laws, small differences in the laws of the German states or transition rules. To obtain a Diplom at a university, students had to complete two separate periods of study.
The first one was a two-year period of coursework in courses of mainly but not only introductory nature, the Grundstudium meaning basic studying period.
After and during this period, in addition to exams for passing the modules, students attained a series of usually four intermediate exams to obtain the Vordiplom meaning pre-diploma.
The second period, the Hauptstudium meaning main period of studyconsisted of two years of coursework in courses of advanced level, an additional period of several months in which a thesis had to be written and eventually a series of usually four  final exams.
It was not unusual for students to need more than two years for the coursework of the Hauptstudium. An obtained Vordiplom and the completion of the coursework of the Hauptstudium were the requirements to register for working on the thesis and for the final exams.
However, access to courses of the Hauptstudium was usually not restricted to students who had already obtained the Vordiplom.
The extent of the final exams and the exams to obtain the Vordiplom was set by each university individually in its regulations. Normally, the content of two different modules of the preceding period of coursework was examined in each of the examinations, which could be oral or less often in writing.
Most students needed approximately six months to complete the final exam period. The thesis which followed an independent although supervised research project had officially to be completed in not more than 3 to 9 months depending on subject and university.
The curriculum for a Diplom FH degree, obtained at a University of Applied Sciences Fachhochschule used to be more application-oriented, in comparison to what was expected for a Univ. The programme was slightly shorter and often one semester was spent by the students doing an internship.
Those with some previous vocational qualification in a subject related to their studies were typically except from the requirement to do an internship. Typically, the studies in such a program were more organized and structured than the studies at a university, with a tighter schedule and a larger number of intermediate and final exams.
Subjects were split into those regarded as basic studies and in-depth studies. Instead of a pre-diploma the passing of one or more intermediate exams in a subject qualified to move forward with that particular subject or start related in-depth subject studies.
Passing one or more final exams in a subject completed a subject. Once almost all subjects were completed thesis work could start, but the missing final exams had to be passed latest with the completion of the thesis work. It was typical to perform thesis work in the industry, supervised by a professor from the university of applied science and a senior professional from the company where the work was performed.
Although lab work was also permitted as thesis work. The written thesis work needed to be defended in an oral exam after which the diploma was granted.
However, under certain conditions, holders of a Diplom FH are also eligible for doctoral studies. Diplom BA — The Diplom BA was not an academic degree, but instead a qualification designation which students received after completing a three-year programme at a so-called University of Cooperative Education Berufsakademie.
These colleges combined coursework with apprenticeships. Other uses of the word[ edit ] In the German language the word Diplom can also be used for certificates of any kind of achievement.
It is usually apparent from the context if an academic degree is meant or not, especially when the word is combined with the academic profession. Usually holders of any of the degrees are considered for admission to postgraduate not necessarily doctoral studies.
The acceptance or rejection of the diploma not only varies because of different academic standards, but also because of political, regulatory and administrative reasons. For example, for admission to graduate studies, the University of Arizona the University of Central Florida  and the University of Wisconsin-Madison  require at least the Vordiplom plus an additional year of study.Are you visiting India during this Vacation to get Married?
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