They used impersonal, mundane reality, ironyand parody to "defuse" the personal symbolism and " painterly looseness" of abstract expressionism. Britain focused on the dynamic and paradoxical imagery of American pop culture as powerful, manipulative symbolic devices that were affecting whole patterns of life, while simultaneously improving the prosperity of a society. The Independent Group IGfounded in London inis regarded as the precursor to the pop art movement.
October 13th, If we take seriously what is said by Plato and Aristotle, then we must also pay attention to what is being said by the likes of Taylor Swift and Kanye West. Confronted with a torrent of uniformly condemnatory public commentary, West soon apologized.
There was a time in America, not too long ago, when this question might have been raised. This controversy extends at least as far back as the rise of jazz, but it gained intensity with the rise and progress of forms of rock—and, later on, rap—that seemed to celebrate liberation from self-control, especially in relation to sex, drugs, and even violence.
Some conservatives have held that such music poses a serious threat to society. Such music, they contended, glorifies and thereby encourages self-indulgent and violent behavior.
Yet a free society requires citizens with a capacity for self-control. In the absence of the voluntary public order such citizens support, the alternatives are either disorder or government-coerced order. Thus the worst popular music educates the young not for free and responsible citizenship but for anarchy or despotism—or, more likely, anarchy followed by despotism.
Pop music, they suggested, is in fact merely harmless fun. There is, after all, no scientific proof that such music produces violent or otherwise antisocial behavior. This argument was alive and well as recently as ten years ago, when troubled artists like Marilyn Manson and Eminem rose to prominence producing troubling music that expressed and celebrated their extreme loves and hatreds.
The dispute over the moral and cultural consequences of pop music, however, was soon crowded out of the public discourse by matters of national security. The terrorist attacks ofand the subsequent American wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, turned the minds of Americans away from the culture wars for a time.
And, when the culture wars resumed later in the decade, they took the form of the struggle over same-sex marriage. The musical front in the culture wars, it seems, has been abandoned by both sides.
An argument, however, can be forgotten without deserving to be forgotten. In fact, the debate between left and right over the morality of popular music touches upon issues of the deepest significance and gives expression to concerns that were explored with the utmost seriousness at the very beginnings of the tradition of western political philosophy.
When conservatives and liberals argued over whether pop music could transform the character of individuals—and hence, eventually, of whole generations and of society itself—they were not, as contemporary social scientists often contended, pursuing a diversionary debate about merely "symbolic" issues.
They were rather disputing a question that thinkers like Plato and Aristotle had treated as inseparable from their inquiry into the best political order. To be sure, the contemporary debate was often characterized more by passion than insight.
This, however, is not a reason to dismiss its central concerns as fundamentally irrational, but instead to turn for instruction to the classical political philosophers. What, then, is the classical teaching on the moral and political significance of music?
And what light does that teaching shed on the recurring although presently suspended American argument over popular music?
Surprisingly, to us, the ancients not only thought music worthy of serious attention, they in fact considered it an issue of supreme political importance.
For never are the ways of music changed without the greatest political laws being moved. For they insist that the political importance of music arises not only from the message of the lyrics of a song but also from the emotional and moral power of the music itself.
That is, it depicts the various passions and states of character of which human beings are capable. In the case of the extremely impressionable souls of the young, moreover, the mark left by such images is apt to be lasting.
Indeed, the ancients attribute this character-forming power to artistic images generally. Aristotle argues that living virtuously requires prudence, the twofold ability to discern the first principles of action, the moral virtues, and to discover by calculation how, in particular circumstances, these virtues can be realized by particular actions.
Aristotle also indicates that the latter capacity is likewise impeded by passion. In the Ethics he contends that there are those who see the goodness of the virtues but who nonetheless fail to live them in their particular circumstances because when under the influence of passion they, in a sense, forget their principles, like men who are asleep, mad, or drunk.
Looking even higher, the ancients go so far as to suggest that the proper rearing in music can prepare the soul for philosophy. How can music accomplish this? Plato and Aristotle both suggest that excessive passion is an impediment to philosophic activity no less than to moral activity.
Hence their moderation-inducing music paves the way for philosophy by quieting the desires that distract the soul from the search for truth Moreover, and more positively, music can foster in the soul an attraction to the truth that philosophy seeks.Transcript of Graduation Project: The Influence of Pop Art on Modern Day Society.
THE INFLUENCE OF POP ART ON MODERN DAY SOCIETY OVERVIEW Reasons for choosing the topic Influenced by Korean War WHAT IS POP ART? Bold colors Collage Screen print Lithography. Pop Culture Pop Culture: An Overview Because of its commonality, pop culture both reflects and influences people’s everyday life (see eg Petracca and Sorapure, Films, broadcast radio and television all had a profound influence on culture.
So urbanization, industrialization, the mass media and the continuous growth in technology since. Retromania: Pop Culture's Addiction to Its Own Past [Simon Reynolds] on benjaminpohle.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. One of The Telegraph 's Best Music Books We live in a pop age gone loco for retro and crazy for commemoration.
Band re-formations and reunion tours. The Pop-Culture Wars. by Carson Holloway within Culture. goodness of the virtues but who nonetheless fail to live them in their particular circumstances because when under the influence of passion they, in a sense, forget their principles, like men who are asleep, the modern reader might wonder, does all this have to do with politics.
While the research on the effects of pop culture on teenagers is not yet conclusive, the predominance of pop culture in today’s society definitely Hello, UPGRADE TO GOLD FOR ADDITIONAL BENEFITS Profile The Influence of . Impact of Pop Culture on Society To understand the impact of pop culture, we first need to understand what pop culture is.
The simplest definition of pop culture is “Modern .