Social Movements Types of Societies Although humans have established many types of societies throughout history, sociologists and anthropologists experts who study early and tribal cultures usually refer to six basic types of societies, each defined by its level of technology.
Literary Humanism is a devotion to the humanities or literary culture. Renaissance Humanism is the spirit of learning that developed at the end of the middle ages with the revival of classical letters and a renewed confidence in the ability of human beings to determine for themselves truth and falsehood.
Cultural Humanism is the rational and empirical tradition that originated largely in ancient Greece and Rome, evolved through out European history, and now constitutes a basic part of the Western approach to science, political theory, ethics, and law.
Philosophical Humanism is any outlook or way of life centered on human need and interest.
Sub categories of this type include the two following. Today, many Unitarian- Universalist congregations and all Ethical Culture societies describe themselves as humanist in the modern sense. The most critical irony in dealing with Modern Humanism is the inability of its supporters to agree on whether or not this world view is religious.
The Secular Humanists believe it is a philosophy, where the Religious Humanists obviously believe it is a religion. This has been going on since the early years of the century where the Secular and Religious traditions combined and made Modern Humanism.
The signers of the Manifestos were both Secular and Religious Humanists. To serve social needs, Humanist religious communities offer a sense of belonging, an institutional setting for the moral education of children, special holidays shared with like minded people, a unique ceremonial life, the performance of ideologically consistent rites of passage weddings, child welcoming, coming of age celebrations, funerals, etc.
Religious Humanists maintain that most human beings have personal a social need that can only be met by humanism. They do not feel that one should have to make a choice between meeting these needs in a traditional faith context versus not meeting them at all.
Individuals who cannot feel at home in traditional religion should be able to find a home in nontraditional religion. The Secular Humanist has been known for defiance, a defiance that dates back to ancient Greece.
Humanist themes that are shown in Greek mythology are rarely ever shown in the mythologies of other cultures. And they are certainly not shown in modern religion. The best example from Greek mythology is the character of Prometheus. Prometheus stands out because he was idolized by ancient Greeks as the one who defied Zeus.
He stole the fire of the gods and brought it down to earth. He was punished and still he continued his defiance despite the torture. But now he is the devil. Whoever defies god must be evil.
That seems to be a given of traditional religion. To them, Zeus, for all his power, could still be mistaken. This exemplifies Secular Humanists tradition of skepticism. All other sages created rules or laws save the Secular Humanists sage, Socrates. Socrates gave us a method of questioning the rules of others.Individualism: Individualism is a (–) identified two types of individualism: the utilitarian egoism of the English sociologist and philosopher Herbert Spencer (–), The Renaissance “discovery of the individual” is a nebulous concept, lending itself to many different meanings.
It could be argued, for example, that. Questions about the meaning of life have also seen radical changes, from attempts to reevaluate human existence in biological and scientific terms (as in pragmatism and logical positivism) to efforts to meta-theorize about meaning-making as a personal, individual .
Fortunately, each meaning of the word constitutes a different type of humanism—the different types being easily separated and defined by the use of appropriate adjectives. So it is relatively easy to summarize the varieties of humanism in this way.
Humanism BIBLIOGRAPHY  In the widest sense, humanism is conceived as referring to an approach to understanding the world and of living in that world focused first and foremost on humans rather than on God  or on nature.
Types of Societies Although humans have established many types of societies throughout history, sociologists and anthropologists (experts who study early and tribal cultures) usually refer to six basic types of societies, each .
Humanism is a progressive philosophy of life that, without theism or other supernatural beliefs, affirms our ability and responsibility to lead ethical lives of personal fulfillment that aspire to the greater good.