SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides for challenging works of literature. Featured content includes commentary on major characters, 25 important quotes, essay topics, and key themes like Feminism and Education. The two are childhood friends, but their paths diverge in adulthood, as Aissatou immigrates to America, leaving Ramatoulaye behind in Senegal. The novel is told through the epistolary style—that is, it is structured as a very long letter, written by Ramatoulaye to her friend, recounting the latest events of her life while reminiscing on their shared childhood and adolescence.
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Feminism and African Fiction: Obi, although a Nigerian, doesn't feel able to make comments about Nigeria much less Africa but only about his own people, the Igbos.
So too, one cannot speak about feminism and African literature, especially in a journal article, and hence the immediate limitation in the title above. Africa is a vast and varied continent, and one can generalize only in glib fashion, as if regional, cultural, and class factors did not influence the position of women.
Marwick, in describing the matrilineal cewa, states that at marriage a man goes to live in his wife's village and that the maternal uncle has greater authority over a child than even the father. The cultural significance attached to the fact of a person being female changes not only from country to country, but, at any given time, within it.
For example, in contemporary Africa, whether one lives in a town or in a remote village, whether one [End Page ] belongs to the new elite or to the urban proletariat, little has changed since independence.
African writers such as Chinua Achebe and Ngugi Wa Thiong'o have long enjoyed an international reputation, and Wole Soyinka won the Nobel Prize last year in recognition of his work as dramatist, poet, novelist, and critic.
The works of Olive Schreiner, Doris Lessing, and Nadine Gordimer are also famous, but black women novelists have yet to gain an equal repute and readership—with the possible exception of the late Bessie Head.
Growing critical attention is attested by the many conferences and discussions that are taking place both within and outside Africa and by the number of journals that devote attention to topics on women writers. The country was a French colony and subjected to its imperial policy of assimilation—the effort to turn Africans into black French men and women.
In this endeavor, everything African was condemned as barbaric so that the African, being ashamed, would abandon the old and take to the new French ways.
The whites projected themselves as powerful, wise, and good people who had brought peace to warring tribes, formal education to illiterates, and medical facilities and knowledge to those who didn't know the basics of hygiene.
Nonwhites were made to feel it was both a misfortune and a humiliation that one was not white, and because skin color cannot be changed, the individual was condemned to life-long feelings of inferiority and unhappiness.
Mother, mother, Why Why was I born Black? The British adopted the policy of "indirect rule" through local chiefs, their excuse being that the natives were being prepared [End Page ] for self-government although, of course, the "natives" had been governing themselves before the arrival of European technological and, therefore, military superiority.
The reaction to assimilation often came from the assimilated: If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'. You are not currently authenticated.
View freely available titles:So Long a Letter Summary & Study Guide Mariama Ba This Study Guide consists of approximately 24 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of So Long a Letter.
As Ramatoulaye, the first-person narrator of So Long A Letter reflects, Africa is diverse: even within a single country there are changes in attitudes as one moves from north to south and east to west (42). Education and Self Reliance in the 21st Century: A Pragmatic Analysis of Mariama Ba’s So Long a Letter.
By Ambi Abigail Andrew Department of English, Faculty of Arts, P.M.B. , Nasarawa State University, Keffi A Paper presented at the Academic Trust Fund (4th National Conference) Federal.
Nov 11, · Published in , Mariama Ba’s So Long a Letter recounts the stories of two women and their husbands, lifelong friends living in Senegal during the post-colonial period of .
For Monday, March → I will start to read Mariama Bâ’s novel So Long A Letter (chapters ) and prepare the activities # → I will also write film essay #2 on Africa (see Assignments for the list on Blackboard) if I choose to do so. I will bring a paper copy of.
Get an answer for 'How can we seen women's rights as a human right in Mariama Ba's 'So Long a Letter.'' and find homework help for other So Long a Letter questions at eNotes.