Rules are made to be broken Core desire: The rebel, revolutionary, wild man, the misfit, or iconoclast. She was surely an inconvenient element in hew home town, that is why the community pressed for her departure.
A view of right and wrong, good and evil, in a universe without gods. Monday, January 05, Desire Utilitarianism and Objective Moral Relativism - Part I I have received a communication with a set of four questions about my basic moral view.
Since this is the start of a new year, and since I suspect that there is some turnover in my readership, I think that this is a good time to explain the moral foundation of this blog in the light of these questions. I am considering what someone in reference to you called Objective Moral Relativism.
Is that still the ethical position you hold? I also hold that Desire Utilitarianism is true. However, they do not conflict with each other either — which is how both can be true. So, let me explain. One alternative is morally better than another in virtue of the fact it creates the most utility.
We have two different ways that we can distinguish among different utilitarian theory. In this schema we have utilitarian theories that say we should maximize pleasure and minimize pain, theories that say we should maximize happiness and minimize unhappiness, theories that say we should maximize preference satisfaction, and so forth.
The other method is by distinguishing between primary objects of evaluation. Act utilitarianism says that the primary object of moral evaluation is the act the right act is the act that maximizes utility.
Rule utilitarianism says that the primary object of moral evaluation is the rule the best rule set is the set that maximizes utilityand that the right action is the action recommended by the best rules.
Desire utilitarianism is a utilitarian theory in the second sense. It holds that desires or, more specifically, desires that can be molded through social forces such as praise and condemnation are the primary objects of moral evaluation.
The best desires are those that tend to maximize utility in the sense that they tend to lead to the fulfillment of other desires. The right action is the action that a person with good desires would perform.
So, what is it that we should maximize? What counts as "utility" in a desire utilitarianism framework? On this metric, desire utilitarianism is a pluralistic theory. There is no single thing that all people should maximize. Instead, each desire identifies a state of affairs that the agent has a reason to bring about.
If the agent desires pleasure, then he has reason to bring about pleasure. If he desires happiness, he has reason to bring about happiness.The most plausible theory of ethics I’ve heard is desire utilitarianism [ebook pdf, mp3, FAQ]..
I think it will be helpful if I explain where desire utilitarianism fits next to the other ethical theories, and why I think it fares better than the others. So, I recorded this minute audio essay. Thus, utilitarianism was the first moral philosophy to give a significant place to nonhuman animals.
Utility measures the happiness or unhappiness that results from a particular action. The net utility measures the balance of the happiness over the unhappiness or, in other words, the balance of an action’s good and bad results.
Selected Essays on Desire Utilitarianism by Alonzo Fyfe When I was young I decided to try to leave the world better than it would have been if I had never lived. To Price: $ Jan 09, · By request, I have written some of the basic principles of the desire utilitarian moral theory that sits as the foundation for these blog postings into a book called, A Better Place: Selected Essays in Desire Utilitarianism.
Basic Insights of Utilitarianism The purpose of morality is to make the world a better place. Morality is about producing good consequences, not having good intentions. Jan 09, · By request, I have written some of the basic principles of the desire utilitarian moral theory that sits as the foundation for these blog postings into a book called, A Better Place: Selected Essays in Desire Utilitarianism.